Brassicaceae Family

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The Brassicaceae family is a monumental group, as it comprises over 4,000 species spread across 338 genera.

The Brassicaceae family, also known as the mustard or crucifer family, contains a large number of species, including many well-known vegetables, ornamental plants, and weeds. Here is a list of some of the notable genera and species within the Brassicaceae family, covering a range of common and less commonly known plants:

Vegetables and Edible Plants

  1. Brassica oleracea: Includes cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, savoy, and kohlrabi.
  2. Brassica rapa: Encompasses turnips, bok choy, rapini, and Chinese cabbage.
  3. Brassica nigra: Black mustard.
  4. Brassica juncea: Brown mustard, used for mustard greens and seeds.
  5. Brassica napus: Includes rapeseed (source of canola oil) and rutabaga.
  6. Raphanus sativus: Radish, including daikon.
  7. Armoracia rusticana: Horseradish.
  8. Eruca vesicaria: Arugula (rocket).
  9. Sinapis alba: White mustard.

Ornamental and Flowering Plants

  1. Alyssum: Includes sweet alyssum (Lobularia maritima).
  2. Iberis: Candytuft.
  3. Hesperis matronalis: Dame’s rocket.
  4. Lunaria annua: Honesty or money plant.
  5. Erysimum: Wallflower.

Weeds and Wild Species

  1. Cardamine: Bittercress.
  2. Barbarea: Wintercress or yellow rocket.
  3. Capsella bursa-pastoris: Shepherd’s purse.
  4. Lepidium: Pepperweed.
  5. Thlaspi: Pennycress.

Other Notable Members

  1. Isatis tinctoria: Woad, historically important as a source of blue dye.
  2. Schizopetalon: A genus of plants native to South America.
  3. Nasturtium officinale: Watercress.
  4. Camelina sativa: False flax or gold-of-pleasure.
  5. Cakile: Sea rocket.

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